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Project Profile: Western Area Power Administration

PROJECT OVERVIEW

Project: 230 kV line ampacity upgrade                    Product Used: Southwire ACSS/TW HS285®


Location: Southwestern Nevada                               In-Service Date: May 2008


Project Owner: Wesetern Area Power Administration                

 

High-Temperature, Low-Sag Conductors Ease Ecologically Sensitive Line Upgrade

When the Western Area Power Administration (Western) wanted to upgrade the ampacity of a 230 kV transmission line near the lower Colorado River, they knew the existing ACSR conductors were approaching the end of their life span. Conductor selection became a design challenge.

The Davis-Mead line is part of the Parker-Davis Project, which includes 1,541 circuit miles of high-voltage transmission lines in Arizona, southern Nevada and California. Power generated from the Parker-Davis Project is marketed to customers in Nevada, Arizona and California.

“The existing 61 miles of 230 kV line had a capacity of 170 MVA. By mid-2004, growing demands on the grid were requiring more power down that route. The goal was a rating of 450 MVA, a 164% increase in capacity,” says Allen Turner, electrical engineer, Western Area Power Administration, Design Group.


Ecosystem Presents Design Challenges

About 50 miles of the line cross arid desert land near Lake Mohave in southern Nevada. This land is managed by the federal government and is home to several protected species of animals – including mountain goats and desert tortoises. This fragile area is slow to recover from construction disturbances, so great care would have to be taken to not disrupt the ecosystem.

Western wanted to use existing sites and structures if possible to hold down project costs. In addition, adding access roads to accommodate new tower sites or to bring heavy construction equipment to existing sites might have detrimental effects to the mountain goat or tortoise population that would trigger a lengthy environmental review. “Besides the obvious budget benefits, using existing sites and structures could shorten the project by two to three years,” Turner says. The design challenge was to find a conductor that gave the needed capacity gains while minimizing structural work.


Conductor Evaluation Started with Sag and Tension Studies

The team modeled portions of the line in PLS-CADD using existing drawings. They carried out sag and tension studies in April 2005. The rated steady-state capacity of the existing ACSR conductor was 170 MVA at an operating temperature of 176°F (80°C), with an assumption of a four foot-per-second ambient wind.


High-Temperature, Low-Sag Conductors Made the Short List

The design team looked at several conductor options for the line, both with and without tower modifications. Only two delivered the required increase in capacity without significant tower modifications: Southwire “Rook” ACSS/TW HS285 and 3M “Drake” ACCR.

Southwire ACSS/TW (Aluminum Conductor Steel Supported, Trapezoidal Wire) HS285 uses an engineered ultra-high-strength steel core to support the entire conductor, thus controlling sag by the core’s lower rate of thermal expansion. The 3M ACCR (Aluminum Conductor Composite-core Reinforced) has a core made from aluminum oxide fibers embedded in high-purity aluminum. While the two conductors had similar ampacity ratings, the WAPA design team’s choice for the majority of the line work was Southwire’s “Rook” ACSS/TW HS285 based on the comparative expense of the two conductor options.


Southwire HS285 Met Design Goals at Lower Cost

By May 2007, the Western design team had selected Southwire HS285 for the re-conductor project. Southwire’s pre-construction support began immediately. Southwire hosted the Western team at the Flora, Illinois plant in November 2007 to observe the conductor manufacturing process and held a pre-construction training session on-site. Cable reels arrived on-site in February 2008, and the line was in service by May 2008. Total installed cost for the project came in around $5.7 million– within the budget set for the project.

The reconductored line using Southwire HS285 has a steady-state rating of 450 MVA at an operating temperature of 270°F (132°C), again with an assumption of a four foot-per-second ambient wind. The line can also handle a 30-minute overload of 500 MVA at an operating temperature of 305°F (152°C), thus achieving Western’s goals while saving significant time and budget dollars in this ecologically sensitive line upgrade.

 

If you need to re-conductor FOR INCREASED CAPACITY, Southwire HS285 is the multi-purpose tool you need. Call your Southwire representative or visit www.southwire.com today to learn more.